Both English and German are Germanic languages. Naturally, they share a lot of similarities. They have their own share of differences as well. Let’s discuss some of these –
• Verb usage – Verbs, when used in a sentence, are always in the second position in German. In English, verbs can move around.
• Gender – Again, German is a highly gendered language where gender can be assigned to articles and adjectives to. In English, only pronouns have gender.
• Adverbs – In English, the adverbs come before the verb. In German, this position is reversed. The adverb usually comes after the verb.
• Continuous Tense – German has no provision for continuous tenses. Instead, they use perfect tenses and adverbs, sometimes, in place of continuous tenses.
• Punctuation – German has stricter punctuation rules in comparison to English.
• Capitalization – Nouns are always capitalized in German but not always so in English.
• Fewer exceptions – Grammar rules in German don’t have as many exceptions as English.
• Longer words – German has long word constructions instead of conjunctions such as adjectives and verbs to adorn a word and manipulate its meaning.
So there you have the major differences between German and English.